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What resources are there for the treatment of diabetes?

If you have diabetes, it is important to get enough exercise and to watch your diet.

Exercise is good for the hormone insulin and food has an influence on your blood glucose level. But what else can help?

In addition to exercise and diet, it can help to take medication such as tablets or to use an insulin pen or pump. Below is a list of points to keep in mind when treating diabetes.

What can you pay attention to?

  • Type of diabetes, type I or type II
  • Nutrition
  • Movement
  • To smoke
  • Medication use
  • Insulin

Today, several tools are available in the treatment of diabetes. Below we discuss a number of options.


Tablets can help lower blood glucose levels. Metformin is the first choice for this. If your blood glucose levels remain high when using tablets, it is recommended to switch to insulin. In addition to medicines that lower blood sugars, there are also medicines for blood pressure or cholesterol levels. These are mainly used in type II diabetes patients.


You may be eligible for an insulin pump or pen if nutrition, exercise and tablets do not work well enough. If you have type I diabetes, you are more likely to be eligible for an insulin pump or pen than type II diabetes patients. An insulin pump continuously delivers small amounts of insulin to the body. This pump can be cordless or internal. 

Different types of insulin:

  • Super short working → works 4 to 5 hours
  • Short-acting → works 6 to 8 hours
  • Medium working → continues working for a few hours after 4 or 8 hours
  • Long-acting → works for about a day
  • Combination of different types of insulin


Your glucose can be measured with the help of a sensor. This measurement can be sent to an insulin pump or to your phone.

If you have any questions about which treatment would work best for you, ask your doctor or dietitian.

Source: blogpost originally from Nutri-Health

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